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欧美军方注重贝博下载技术发展


1、美国国防部贝博下载中心将在2020年迎来新突破


?Nathan Strout,2019年8月30日


随着资金、人员和实际办公空间的增加,联合贝博下载中心(JAIC)主任杰克?沙纳汉(Jack Shanahan)中将说,2020年将是美国国防部贝博下载的突破年。
在8月30日的新闻发布会上,美国国防部新设立的联合贝博下载中心的主管表示:2020年,该机构即将实现新的突破。


联合贝博下载中心于2018年6月成立,旨在大规模地加快美国国防部采用、整合贝博下载技术的进程。该中心的主管杰克?沙纳汉中将是卓越中心的一员,他表示:“联合贝博下载中心的设立原因是——扩展产品的交付范围,使其能够涵盖战略参与与策略、规划与分析、情报以及其他内容。”


自1月起,杰克?沙纳汉就任联合贝博下载中心的主管。在此之前,他是Maven项目的负责人,该项目主要是为了能将贝博下载技术与机器学习用于分析全动态视频。


杰克?沙纳汉表示:“去年这个时候,联合贝博下载中心工作人员寥寥无几、资金匮乏、也没有可以永久使用的场所。直到3月初,我们才得到了2019财年的大部分资金资助。现在我们有60名政府工作人员,一个可以永久使用的场地。在2020财年预算中,我们还得到了一笔可观的资金。目前,我们正在提供一些初步的贝博下载能力。”


2019财年,联合贝博下载中心的开支预算为9300万。杰克?沙纳汉认为这笔数额是符合该中心当时的运营状况的。他还表示,在2020财年,美国政府最初申请为该中心提供2.09亿美元,但这一数额还是低了。因此,他申请为该中心提供2.68亿美元的预算资金。在审议《国防授权法案》时,美国参议院与众议院在为联合贝博下载中心提供多少资金的问题上产生了分歧。参议院版本的《国防授权法案》为该中心提供2.09亿美元的全额资金,而众议院版本的《国防授权法案》则远远低于这一数额——1.67亿美元。


杰克?沙纳汉表示:“2020年,联合贝博下载中心将在研发可支持贝博下载技术的能力上迎来一个新的突破,我对此十分看好。”


目前,联合贝博下载中心正着手进行几项新的任务方案,包括:


1、对H-60 直升机进行预见性维修;

2、重点对发生森林大火与洪涝灾害的地区进行人道主义援助与赈灾活动;

3、网络感知,尤其是在事件检测、用户活动监控与网络映射等领域?

4、信息作战;

5、智能业务自动化。


杰克?沙纳汉表示,除了上面的方案,联合贝博下载中心在2020财年的首要任务就是“将贝博下载应用于演习与战斗中”,研发一系列辅助作战行动的产品。这些产品将包括融合作战情报、结合所有领域的指挥和控制系统、射击加速传感器、自主与群集系统、目标开发和作战中心工作流程等。


杰克?沙纳汉还表示:“希望自10月起,联合贝博下载中心的研究人员能在接下来的6个月里取得上述方案的一些进展。目前的技术无法做到在飞机、原型系统与诸多行动计划中迅速且大范围地部署并升级贝博下载能力,而要实现这种技术,我们还有很长的路要走。美国国防部采用贝博下载技术后,联合贝博下载中心研发相关技术的进程已经很快了。但我觉得自己始终都不会满足于目前的进展。显而易见,在研发贝博下载技术上,我还是很有紧迫感的。”


2、欧盟强调发展贝博下载的重要性


?简氏防务周刊,2019年9月2日


828日至29日,欧盟国防部长们在芬兰赫尔辛基召开会议,强调欧盟27个国家需要进一步研发贝博下载与其他新兴技术。


各国部长与北约、联合国和私营部门代表一道,讨论了混合威胁和海上安全问题,并推动了整个欧盟成员国的技术发展。


芬兰担任欧盟理事会轮值主席国(此前由克罗地亚与罗马尼亚担任),希望欧盟各国能够讨论国防部门数字化所产生的影响。


芬兰国防部长安蒂?凯科宁(Antti Kaikkonen)表示:“除了数字化,贝博下载等新技术也在改变着国防部门”。


1. The Pentagon’s AI center is poised for a breakthrough


By:?Nathan Strout???August 30


With increased funding, staff, and actual office space, JAIC Director Lt. Gen. Jack Shanahan says 2020 will be a breakthrough year for AI in the Department of Defense.


The head of the Pentagon’s new artificial intelligence center said in an Aug. 30 press conference that the organization is poised for a breakthrough in 2020.


Established in June 2018, the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center is an effort to accelerate the Pentagon’s adoption and integration of AI at scale. As a Center of Excellence, Lt. Gen. Jack Shanahan, JAIC’s director, said the organization was intended to expand beyond product delivery to include “strategic engagement and policy, plans and analysis, and intelligence and more.”


Shanahan has led the JAIC since January, and prior to that he led Project Maven, a major effort to apply AI and machine learning to analyzing full-motion video.


“At this time last year, the JAIC only had a handful of people, no money and no permanent spaces from which to operate," he said. "We did not get the majority of our fiscal year ‘19 funding until the beginning of March of this year. We now have 60 government employees, a real home, a healthy fiscal year ‘20 budget, and we are delivering some initial AI-enabled capabilities.”


The center’s budget fiscal 2019 was $93 million, an amount that Shanahan said was fair for where the organization was at that time. He added that he requested $268 million for fiscal year 2020, although that figure has been marked down, first by the White House which requested $209 million. The Senate and House versions of the National Defense Authorization Act differ on funding for the JAIC. The Senate bill authorizes funding the center at the full $209 million while the House marks it down further to $167 million.


“I am optimistic that 2020 will be a breakout year for the department when it comes to fielding AI-enabled capabilities,” said Shanahan.

At the moment, the JAIC is pursuing several mission initiatives, which include:


  • Predictive maintenance for the H-60 helicopter

  • Humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, with a focus on wildfires and flooding.

  • Cyber sensemaking, focusing on event detection, user activity monitoring and network mapping

  • Information operations

  • Intelligent business automation


Beyond those initiatives, Shanahan said the JAIC’s biggest priority in fiscal year 2020 will be “AI for maneuver and fires” — product lines focused on war fighting operation. That effort will include operations intelligence fusion, joint all domain command and control, accelerated sensor to shooter timelines, autonomous and swarming systems, target development and operations center workflows.


Shanahan said he hoped to see progress in a couple of those efforts in the six months following October.


“We still have a long way to go to help bring pilots, prototypes and pitches across the technology valley of death to fielding and updating AI capabilities at speed and at scale,” said Shanahan. “I doubt I will ever be entirely satisfied that we’re moving fast enough when it comes to DoD’s adoption of AI. My sense of urgency remains palpable.”



2. EU ministers highlight importance of developing AI


Beth Stevenson, London?- Jane's Defence Weekly

02 September 2019??????????


European Union (EU) defence ministers met on 28-29 August in Helsinki, Finland, to highlight the need for further development of artificial intelligence (AI) and other emerging technologies across the 27-country bloc.


Joined by representatives from NATO, the UN and private sector representatives, ministers discussed hybrid threats and maritime security, in addition to boosting technological developments throughout the EU member states.


While Finland holds the presidency of the EU Council (alongside Croatia and Romania), it wants to stimulate discussion regarding the impact of digitalisation on the defence sector.


"New technologies such as artificial intelligence are transforming the defence sector, too," said Finnish defence minister Antti Kaikkonen.

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